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孙杨夺冠,打脸霍顿,学习游泳相关双语术语

发布者: 译匠 | 发布时间: 2017-7-26 22:29| 查看数: 285| 评论数: 0|帖子模式

在刚结束的2017年国际泳联游泳世锦赛
男子400米自由泳决赛中
中国选手孙杨力压劲敌霍顿和朴泰桓
夺得冠军!
实现世锦赛该项目三连冠!

比赛全程,热血沸腾!

孙杨夺冠,打脸霍顿,学习游泳相关双语术语

孙杨夺冠,打脸霍顿,学习游泳相关双语术语


颁奖仪式结束后,孙杨尽显大将风度,主动和老对手霍顿握手。

孙杨夺冠,打脸霍顿,学习游泳相关双语术语

孙杨夺冠,打脸霍顿,学习游泳相关双语术语
面对质疑与挑衅,
孙杨用实力给出最有力的答案!

就在赛前两天,澳大利亚选手霍顿曾再次挑衅孙杨。据《澳大利亚人报》报道,当霍顿被问及关于他与对手孙杨的比赛时,他回答:“我不认为这是一场公平的比赛,这是一个顶尖运动员和服用过兴奋剂的运动员之间的比赛。但是这可能是一次不错的较量。”

孙杨夺冠,打脸霍顿,学习游泳相关双语术语

孙杨夺冠,打脸霍顿,学习游泳相关双语术语
这不是霍顿第一次挑衅孙杨。2016年,在里约奥运会期间,霍顿就曾多次对孙杨进行人身攻击。他对澳大利亚媒体说,孙杨在训练中向他问好,但他选择忽视,“因为他不想同兴奋剂骗子打招呼”。赛后,火遁又接二连三出言挑衅孙杨。
而孙杨也毫不客气地回应:“这是澳大利亚人的小伎俩,每一位能够来到奥运会的选手都应该受到尊重。”
2016年8月7日,在里约奥运会游泳男子400米自由泳决赛中,霍顿以3分41秒55的成绩获得金牌,孙杨以0.13秒的微弱差距惜败于霍顿,获得一枚银牌。赛后,孙杨抱着记者失声痛哭。

孙杨夺冠,打脸霍顿,学习游泳相关双语术语

孙杨夺冠,打脸霍顿,学习游泳相关双语术语
近一年的时间过去了,孙杨终于用一年的努力告诉了世界,谁是这个竞技场的王者!
接着孙杨男神的这股奋斗拼搏,小伙伴赶紧来学学游泳相关的术语吧!
通用
  • 游泳:swimming; natation
  • 游程:course
  • 短池比赛:short-course meet
  • 短距离比赛:sprint; dash
  • 中距离游泳:middle-distance swimming
  • 长距离游泳:(long-)distance swimming
  • 超长距离[马拉松式]游泳:ultradistance [marathon] swimming
  • 渡峡游泳:channel swimming
  • 冬泳:winter swimming

项目
10.游泳姿势:swimming stroke
11.爬泳:crawl(stroke)
12.美国式爬泳(六次打腿):American crawl
13.澳大利亚式爬泳(两次打腿):Australian [two-beat] crawl
14.自由泳:freestyle; free stroke
15.仰[背]泳:backstroke;back crawl
16.蛙泳:breaststroke
17.高航式蛙泳:high sail breaststroke
18.波浪式蛙泳:wave breaststroke
19.蝶泳:butterfly
20.海豚泳:dolphin
21.混合泳:medley stroke
22.个人混合泳:individual medley
23.接力游泳:relay
24.自由泳接力:freestyle relay
25.混合泳接力:medley relay
26.接力中的交接:relay change; take-over
27.侧泳:sidestroke
28.单臂出水侧游:northern stroke; overarm sidestroke
29.潜水运动:underwater sports
30.潜水:(skin) diving; underwater swimming
31.屏气潜泳:holding-breath diving; diving with bated breath
32.蹼泳:fin swimming
33.器泳:scuba swimming
人员
34.游泳运动员:swimmer
35.短距离游泳运动员:sprinter; dash man;dasher
36.长距离游泳运动员:distance swimmer
37.蝶泳运动员:butterfly swimmer; flyer
38.个人混合泳运动员:individual medleyist
39.全面的游泳运动员:all-round swimmer
40.潜水运动员:(skin)diver
41.蹼泳运动员:fin-swimmer
42.冬泳者:winter swimmer; polar bear
43.姿势裁判员:stroke judge
44.转身裁判员:turning judge
45.终点裁判员:finishing [placing] judge
46.记趟裁判员:lap counter
47.游程计算员:clerk of course
48.救生员:lifeguard; lifesaver; Rescuer
规则与裁判
49.分组赛:heat
50.出发信号:starting signal
51.各就位:Take your marks!
52.出发犯规:false [illegal] start
53.过早出发:beat the gun
54.重游:re-swim
55.回表:Clear watches.
56.转身犯规:illegal turn
57.趟:lap
58.分段:segment
59.成绩(以时间计算):time
60.分段成绩:split [lap] time
61.中间成绩:intermediate time
62.水温:water temperature
出发
63.出发姿势:starting position
64.立定出发:stationary start
65.抓台式出发:grab start
66.出发时的蹬腿:takeoff kick
67.出发跳水:starting dive [plunge]
68.跳入水中:take [plunge into] the water
69.入水浅的跳水:shallow[flat; surface] dive
转身
70.触池壁:touch
71.蹬壁:pushoff
72.转身:turn
73.水平转身:horizontal turn;feathering
74.平转身(仰泳):pivot turn
75.侧[拉边]转身:lateral turn; tumble-turn
76.滚翻:flip over
77.滚翻转身:flip-turn; somersault turn
78.半滚翻转身:semi-flip turn
臂部动作
79.臂部动作:arm movement
80.划水[臂]:(arm)pull; stroke; paddle
81.劈水动作(蛙泳):wedge action
82.划水动作效率:stroke efficiency
83.划水动作错误:stroke defect
84.划水幅度:distance per stroke
85.划水周期:arm cycle
86.划臂动作的力学原理:stroke mechanics
87.手入水:hand entry
88.入水臂:leading arm
89.手入水过深:digging
90.手伸得过远:overreaching
91.抱[抓]水:catch; grip; purchase
92.搅动水面:churn the surface
93.长划臂:long arm pull
94.直臂划水:straight arm stroke
95.屈臂划水:bent arm [elbow] pull
96.沉肘划水:dropped elbow pull
97.高提肘划水:over the barrel
98.向下压水:downward press
99.连续划臂动作:continuous strokes
100.反复划水:repeat pulls
101.快频率动作:racing stroke
102.两臂同时划水:double overarm
103.两臂交替划水:alternate arm [hand-over-hand] stroke
104.双臂仰泳:double overarm back-stroke
105.手臂交叉动作:scything arm action
106.鱼鳍式划水(仰卧并腿,两手身旁上下打水):finning
107.前交叉(一臂等待另一臂):catch-up stroke
108.特拉金式爬泳(两臂轮换出水,两腿剪水,单侧呼吸:trudge(o)n
109.曲线动作:circular motion
110.曲线摆动:circular swinging motion; circular wind-up
111.直线划水路线:straight through pull
112.半直线划水路线:modified straight line pull
113.钥匙洞形划水路线:keyhole pull
114.反问号形划水路线:inverted question mark pull
115.漏斗形划水路线:hourglass pull
116.双“S”形划水路线(蝶泳):double "S" pull
117.锯齿形[小“S”形]划水路线:zigzag pull
118.手臂出水:overarm;overhand
119.移臂:recovery of the arm
120.加快移臂或收腿动作:rushed recovery
121.两臂或两腿分开的距离:spread
122.手腿配合:arm-leg relationship
腿部动作
123.打[踢]水:kick
124.交替打腿:alternate[flutter] kick
125.交叉打腿:crossover kick
126.鱼尾式打腿:fishtail kick
127.剪式打腿:scissors kick
128.反剪式打腿:reverse scissors kick
129.快速打腿:sprinting kick
130.向上打腿:upbeat
131.向下打腿:downbeat
132.两次打腿:two-beat kick
133.两次交叉打水:two-beat crossover kick
134.直上直下打腿:kick up and down
135.直上直下两次打腿:straight two-beat kick
136.反复打腿:repeat kicks
137.划水一周的打腿次数:beats per stroke
138.仰泳打腿:back crawl kick
139.海豚式打腿:dolphin kick
140.蹬腿[水]:leg drive [push]
141.蛙泳蹬腿:breaststroke [frog;thrust] kick
142.蹬腿宽度:width of kick
143.窄蹬腿:narrow [whip] kick
144.宽蹬腿:wedge kick
145.向后蹬:kick backward
146.斜向蹬腿:diagonal thrust
147.两侧蹬腿:lateral thrust
148.两腿交替蹬水:bicycle pedaling
149.收腿:recovery of the leg
150.踩水:treading water
身体位置
151.身体中线:center[medium」line of the body
152.躯干位置:trunk position
153.身体平衡:body balance
154.浮力:buoyancy
155.浮出水面:surface
156.浮在水面:keep afloat
157.浸入水中:submerge
158.下沉:drop; sink
159.水面线(蛙泳中头的位置):waterline
160.俯卧姿势:face down; prone position
161.仰卧姿势:back floating position
162.俯卧漂游姿势:prone float
163.流线型姿势:streamlined position
164.低头:drop the head
165.弓背[身] :arch the back
166.时起时伏(在水中):ducking; undulation
167.滑行:glide
呼吸
168.呼吸:breathe; respire
169.呼气:breathe out; exhale
170.吸气:breathe in; inhale
171.闭[屏]气:hold one's breath
172.换气:change breath
173.呼吸控制:breath control
174.呼吸率:breathing rate
175.抬头(呼吸时):lift the head
176.早呼吸法:early breathing
177.晚吸气:late[delayed] breathing
178.正常呼吸法:normal breathing
179.有节奏的呼吸:rhythmical breathing
180.深呼吸:deep breathing
181.浅呼吸:shallow breathing
182.均匀呼吸:regular [even] breathing
183.爆发式吸气:explosive breathing
184.侧面呼吸:side breathing
185.两侧呼吸法:bilateral breathing
186.呼吸侧:breathing side
187.呼吸侧手臂:breathing arm
188.非呼吸侧:non-breathing side
189.非呼吸侧手臂:non-breathing arm
190.两次划臂呼吸法:two-stroke breathing
191.四次划臂呼吸法:four-stroke breathing
192.喘气:gasp; pant; out of breath
193.呼吸急促:broken winded
194.憋气:labored breathing
195.呼吸困难:respiratory difficulty
训练

196.入水前准备活动:pre-water exercise
197.水上准备活动:warm-up swimming
198.分段游:splits;broken swim
199.分段游组:broken set
200.年龄分组游泳:age-group swimming
201.短于主项距离的游泳:under-distance swimming
202.超主项距离的游泳:over-distance swimming
203.陆上练习:land drill [practice]
204.加速游:pick-up
205.等速游:even-pace swimming
206.中速游:moderate effort swimming
207.慢速长游:long easy swimming
208.变速游练习:alternating slow-fast set
209.速度忽高忽低:speed fluctuation
210.任意变速游:speed play; fartlek
211.后半程加速游:negative split
212.时停时进游:stop-and-go swimming
213.俯仰交替游:spinning swim
214.带游;速度诱导:pacemaking; pacesetting
215.反复游:repeat swim
216.等速反复游:straight set of repeats
217.减距反复游:decreasing-distance repeats
218.逐个加快反复游组:progressive sets
219.综合反复游组:mixed set of repeats
220.逐个减慢反复游组:regressive set
221.逐个加快和逐个减慢交替游组:alternating progressive-regressive set
222.耐力游:endurance swimming
223.强度游:effort swim
224.放松游:easy [loosening-down] swim
225.恢复性游:wake-up swim
226.循环游法:circle swimming pattern
227.梯形游:locomotive; pyramid
228.阶梯增进:staircase
229.冲刺练习:sprint work
230.训练呼吸的冲刺:wind sprint
231.间歇训练:interval training
232.快游间歇训练:fast interval training
233.慢游间歇训练:slow interval training
234.全力计时游:all-out time trial
235.游量:swimming load
236.水的压力:water pressure
237.迎面阻力:frontal[head-on]resistance
238.身后旋涡阻力:eddy resistance; tail suction
239.水感:feel of the water
救生
240.救护站:lifesaving station
241.救生对象(指溺者):subject
242.拖带(溺者):carry
243.胸前拖带:cross-chest carry
244.扣颈拖带:neck carry
245.托头拖带:head carry
246.托下颏拖带:chin carry
247.抓发拖带:hair carry
248.人工呼吸:artificial respiration; rescue breathing
249.嘴对嘴人工呼吸:mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
250.救活:resuscitate
场地与器材
251.游泳池:(swimming) pool;bath; tank
252.短池:short course
253.室内游泳馆:indoor pool; natatorium
254.露天游泳池:open-air swimming pool
255.有看台的游泳场:swimming stadium
256.深水池: deep pool; swimmers' pool
257.浅水池:non-swimmers' pool
258.儿童池:wading pool
259.泳道:lane
260.分道线:lane [course]rope
261.池端:end wall
262.深端:deep end
263.浅端:shallow end
264.出发池端:starting edge
265.出发台:starting block [platform]
266.出发握手器:starting bar [grip]
267.终点池端:finish end
268.池端目标标志线:target line
269.转身标志线:turn indicator
270.触板:touch board [panel]
271.电子计时触板:electronic timing pad
272.长的一边:length side
273.扶手:handrail
274.池边地面:deck
275.池缘:curb; deck edge
276.水槽:gutter
277.逆泳槽:swimmer's treadmill
278.池底:floor; bottom
279.池底标志线:bottom line
280.浮标:buoy; float
281.浮具:buoying device
282.水下观察窗:underwater viewing window
283.水下影片:underwater movie
284.氯化器:chlorinator
285.游泳衣:swimsuit; swimming suit
286.游泳裤:trunks; bathing slips
287.套身游泳服:full-body swimwear
288.“鳖鱼皮”游泳服:Fastskin swimsuit
289.游泳帽:swim cap
290.浴衣:bathing suit; bath-wrap; gown
291.游泳护目镜:swim goggles
292.脚蹼:fins; flippers
293.手蹼:webbed gloves
294.潜水面罩:face plate
295.潜水护目镜:lunettes
296.护鼻塞:nose guard
297.潜泳面罩:diving [face] mask
298.通气[呼吸]管:snorkel
299.潜水呼吸器;水肺:aqualung
300.自携式水下呼吸器:scuba(self-contained underwater breathing apparatus)
301.套口:aqualung mouthpiece; snorkel tube
302.打水板:flutter[kick」board
303.水板:paddle
304.救生圈:life buoy
305.救生衣:life jacket

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